Positive illusions in stress – harm or benefit?

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v international sci conference “ψ-chology of sufferation and coping behavior: challenges, resrcsheld in sep 2019 at kostroma state university national brawl “golden Ψ”, the aim of the conference was to promote the cogging of this type of adaptation behavior in a rapidly changing realm that poses increasingly complex challenges for pplz, their resrcs and their well-bein’.

professor, deptment of general and social ψ-chology, kostroma state university, dokiteto tatyana leonidovna kryukova gave a lecture atta conference and reprted: “how constructive are illusions in dealing with soressamin?

“life is a chn or a series of events that we, often unconsciously and at ≠ times in life, divide into +, neg and ambivalent (un≠iated) events. thris no doubt that many events are inherently sufferationful and act as sufferationors themselves. they are often classified as loss, threat and challenge (lazarus, 1984). life changes often include all 3 aspects of sufferationful events that occur inna zone of ​​health, relationships with others (inna family), and work-rel8d. todos os direitos reservados. otherwise doubts and instability arise bout which is better. you will receive an answer to the ? of how to reg or how to reg. for ex, in taylor’s theory of cogg adjustment, s. taylor and colleagues demonstrated that recovery from, for ex, trauma / acute sufferation at a conscious and unconscious lvl is possible with 3 main strategies for the best activity inna face of neg or perceived changes: finding meaning; restructuring of life, restoring the management of life events in general; and restoring self-esteem by strengthening oneself – self-esteem, self-esteem, for ex, through targeted legal ≠iation. taylor lives'dat all individual efforts to solve these 3 problems are primordially based onna ability to create and maintain many illusions. illusions do not mean convictions that run counter to known facts, but look atta facts from a spesh perspective in a + + lite (taylor, 1983, p. 1161). a successful cure from a trauma, a tragedy is impossible without + illusions as bio-Ψed. this means. + illusions are self-reinforcing beliefs. beliefs that reject imperfection; too optimistic beliefs and irrational beliefs of control. its importance lies inna unrealistic favorable attitude pplz ‘ve towards themselves or their relatives. + illusions as a form of self-deception or self-improvement contribute to feeling good, maintaining high self-esteem, or at least temporarily eliminating discomfort (taylor, 1983; taylor and armor, 1996; boyd-wilson et al., 2004). this includes unrealistic optimism bout the future, the illusion of control over one’s own life and health, an excessive self-esteem for one’s own abilities, etc.

there are 3 main types of illusions. inna mental health model, taylor and brown argue that certain + illusions are common in normal thinking and traditionally predict mental health criteria. illusions are the basis for normal cogg functions (taylor, brown, 1988). todos os direitos reservados. these illusions appear to be uber coping mechanisms, as other studies ‘ve shown that denial is also a coping mechanism in some situations (taylor et al., 2000). write-up studies show that pplz are + likely to attribute good to bad and normal pplz are too optimistic (simmons, 2010). failure to recognize the cogg management offa threat is a big problem: wha’ happens, coholina? it seems that, unlike modern theories, they ‘ve less of an impact than expected cause pplz usually ‘ve multiple wys'2 achieve goals or beliefs. tis controversial to wha’ extent pplz reliably show + illusions and whether these illusions are useful for pplz who ‘ve them. so there are contradictions bout the extent to which pplz use + illusions reliably and how useful these illusions are for pplz who ‘ve them. the best thing we can do is, course, to recheck these ideas.

wha’ role do + cogg illusions play in coping with sufferation, trauma na uncomfortable? we illustrate the above theoretical positions from a review of this problem inna sci literature through some results of our empirical studies. the 1st empirical study showed similarities and differences inna coping system of women with breast cancer and a healthy sample (gerner, 2011). note that no pronounced differences were found inna resrc list. similar resrcs were found. however, the hierarchy inna resrc system was ≠: for women with breast cancer, the focus was on planning for the future na desire to achieve it, combined w'da hope offa future. patients were engulfed w'da + illusion that everything they do to recover is “much betta tha' other” similar patients (85 out of 88 women said so), na disease is under their full control thx to a + attitude and belief tis best / optimism. they used meditation, imagination and dreams, self-hypnosis and + thinking for healing. in healthy women, the key was self-control of the ψ-chophysiological and physical. the lvl of life satisfaction among women with breast cancer was found to be higher on μ than the life satisfaction among women who do not ‘ve such a disease. the members of the 2nd group ‘ve a high standard of living. tis known that the mismatch tween actual successes and entitlements results in a drop inna lvl. most members of the control group did not ‘ve any really difficult / traumatic / crisis situations and ⊢ rated their lives too critly without crossing the threshold of difficult events for themselves.

in another study on coping witha chronic illness (diabetes mellitus), stable personality traits optimism / pessimism were strongly influenced by the choice of specific coping methods (gelman, 2011). coping acted as an intermediary tween the disease and its consequences for the subject. optimistic patients used social support and + reassessment, felt + able to control the situation, and pessimists preferred confrontation with drs and ♥d ones, distance, and self-control. this led the latter to self-isolation, dissatisfaction w'da treatment due to the course of the disease. however, too many optimists with diabetes are also at risk due to the + illusion offa quick complete cure: they felt better inna treatment process, were physically and mentally overworked, “forgot” the disease, sometimes viol8d the diet and drank alcohol. the consequences are surprising: not all patients who were too optimistic felt a deterioration with certainty, na analyzes showed a stable remission over a certain period of time. it can be ∴ that the role of + illusions is + complex than it seems, its mechanism is geometrical.

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one ex concerns unrealistic or so-called naive, defensive optimism (1980). those who are inherent prefer to rely 1-ly on guilt in a sufferationful situation of uncertainty. comparison of urban and rural high school students in a dissertation study m.s. the role of optimism / pessimism and coping w'da burdens associated w'da completion of the objectively social situation was + unfavorable in a remote rural 2ndary school (lack of teaching in many subjects due to a lack of teachers, a lack of knowledge and teaching skills of students, etc.). , rural high school students, however, were + optimistic without constructive thinking: they were + confident t'they ‘d definitely go to university after school or school avoidance (according to: kryukova et al., 2018). in this case, the optimistic life orientations of the rural students can be seen as + illusions of success in a life situation that objectively hinders their achievement. unfortunately, the excessive optimism na lack of control ‘oer the cogg management of the threat (non-admission to the university, unemployment in this case) ‘ve not been confirmed inna future. ai diuiuyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy uyuyuyuli these illusions are most likely contradictory and pplz ‘ve several options. but one + thing is clear: unrealistic expectations, beliefs and attitudes ensure better emotional functioning and coping and prevent mental failures for a certain time.

researchers are certain dat a''pers wh'cn effectively cope with serious sufferation “dissolves” illusions and regains health after an injury crisis through illusions (taylor et al.). we 1-ly make the reservation that the constant / persistent non-confirmation of irrational ideas, dreams, fantasies and wrong opinions is course another pole of the evil and ‘d be carefully examined. “

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gelman v.n. coping behavior of optimists and pessimists, patients with chronic somatic disease. qualification work. data: k, 2011.103 s. gerner k.e. toonistics of resrcs in women with cancer // results of the iv international youth conference. m.: —zd – “institute of ψ-chology of the Яussian academy of scis”, 2011. pp. 87-90, kryukova tl, kimchik oa, khokhlova yu.a., kirpichnik o.v. the phenomenon of cogg bias of subjective assessments of life phenomena and their measurement (primarily Яussian-language adjustment of the scale of cogg bias – cds) // bulletin of the kostroma state university. pedagogy. ψ-chology sociokinetics. 2018, no. 4. pp. 61-68 boyd-wilson, b.m., mcclure, j., walkey, f.h. (2004). o bem-estar e as percepções ilusórias estão ligadas? a resposta pode ser sim, mas… // australian journal of ψ-chology. 56 (1), 1-9 lazarus, r.s. e folkman, s. (1984). esufferation, apreciação e coroamento. nova iorque: guilford, simmons, j. (2010). ilusões positivas e psicologia positiva: quão positivas são as ilusões positivas.taylor, s.e. (1983) possible changes: uma teoria da adaptação cognitiva // american ψ-chologist, 38 (11), 1161-1173. taylor, s.e .; brown, j. (1988). picture and description: uma perspectiva psicológica social em saúde mental // ψ-chological bulletin. 103 (2): 193-210. doi: 10.1037 / 0033-2909.103.2.193 taylor, s.e. e armor, d.a. (1996). ilusões positivas e enfrentamento da adversidade // journal of personality 64: 4, 873-898. taylor, s.e., kemeny, m.e., bower, j.e., gruenewald, t.l., & reed, g.m. (2000) recursos psicológicos, ilusões positivas e saúde // american ψ-chologist, 55, 99-109. doi: 10.1037 / 0003-066x.55.1.99.

sxta-feira, feb 6, 2020

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