covid has posed a threat to body—and Ψ—for all pplz onna planet—the essence of the greek-√ed coupling of πᾶν (pan) + δῆμος (demos) to form the now too-familiar noun.
yet there s'been no incisive examination to date of the pandemic’s ψ-chological toll na' global basis. tis difficult to determine increases in cases of depression and anxiety cause offa lack of data. no good №s exist for many countries and even whole continents (africa and south america).
despite gaps inna data, a team largely based atta university of queensland in australia has made an estimate for 2020. “this study tis 1st to quantify the prevalence and burden of depressive and anxiety disorders by age, sx, and zone globally,” the researchers wrote inna lancet.
the №s themselves are devastating. cases for depressive and anxiety disorders last yr are estimated to ‘ve increased by + than a quarter—an unusually large surge.
if the pandemic had not happened, the model used by the researchers estimated there ‘d ‘ve been 193 million cases of major depressive disorder realmwide, whereas an estimated 246 million cases actually occurred, a 28 % increase, orn' added 53 million cases. for anxiety disorders the № of cases was anticipated at 298 million, but there may ‘ve been an actual 374 million cases—a 26 % jump, representing an added 76 million cases.
the figs for both depression and anxiety usually remain stable from yr to yr. such sharpupturns cannot be counted as routine fluctuations;“this is definitely like a shock to the system from wha’ we're typically used to seeing when it comes to the prevalence of these disorders,” says damian santomauro, the lead author, from the queensland center for mental health research, school of public health at university of queensland.
women and young pplz were hit pticularly hard. almost 52 million of the added cases for anxiety during the 1st covid yr were accounted for among women, contrasted with 24 million for men. although covid caused + death and serious illness among older pplz, twas younger pplz who faced the gr8est burdens of depression and anxiety. the category w'da highest burden—the 20- to 24-yr age bracket—had an estimated 1,118 added depression cases per 100,000 pplz, and 1,331 + per 100,000 for anxiety. “we're hoping that these findings encourage + dialogue by policy makers, governments, researchers and pplz pondering resrc alzone and planning for mental health responses,” says alize ferrari, 1-odda university of queensland researchers.
the university team succeeded in making an estimate for global lvls of depressive and anxiety disorders by compensating for the data that were lacking. they did so by relying on other data put together from 48 studies conducted in western €, pts of north america, australasia nother regions that had mental health figs. they were able to statistically link depression and anxiety data to “covid impact factors,” infection rates by country and indicators tracking diminished pop movements for 204 countries—almost every nation. the statistical relationship tween impact factors and mental health data, analyzed from north america nother regions, ‘d then be used to extrapol8 the missing estimates for depressive and anxiety disorders for the many countries that lacked that data.
maxime taquet, an academic clinical fello inna deptment of ψ-chiatry atta university of oxford, who was not involved w'da study, prezd the effort as providing the 1st insite inna'da global impact of the pandemic on mental health. the study, he says, also points to the urgent need for depression and anxiety statistics from the countries for which estimates ‘d 1-ly be made with statistical extrapolations. “we nd'2 be quite cautious whn'we interpret the findings of this study cause in large zones of the realm we simply don’t ‘ve any data,” he says. taquet wrote a commentary for the lancet bout the study.
the study will continue til the pandemic ends. the data are bein’ incorporated inna larger global burden of disease study, sponsored by the bill & melinda gates foundation and led by the institute for health metrics and evaluation (ihme) atta university of washington. those №s will surely be useful. covid’s mental health consequences are sure to linger long after any unofficial declaration that the pandemic has come to a close.
original content at: rss.sciam.com…
authors: gary stix